The goal of this project is to provide Muslims in the community a Mosque where they can pray. Only about 1% of the entire U.S. Population is Muslim, and an even smaller percent is present in Connecticut. In the local communities there are many churches and there are some islamic centers that are running in buildings that do not resemble Mosques. The goal is to build and design an actual mosque to look like traditional mosques around the world. The Mosque would be open to everyone, put primarily to the Muslims who are there to pray. The majority of the people in the community are non-Muslims and would be welcome to come inside as long as they are respectful to the people inside. This structure would have lots of natural light through the use of stained glass windows as well as other lights and chandeliers that would illuminate the Islamic Calligraphy on the walls. There would have to be a Mihrab which points in the direction (qibla) towards Mecca and the Kaaba. There needs to be a prayer hall, which is a large open carpeted area with plenty of space for worshipers to pray. The walls in mosque would be decorated in Islamic calligraphy. There would be a dome above the prayer hall which would be similar to other mosques around the world as well as similar to traditional Islamic Architecture. There would need to be washing facilities as part of the ritual. This would be a great addition to the local community and its people. The Mosque would be located in an urban type of environment because better access and transport would allow more worshippers attend.
History of Islam in America:
Projected Site in Fairfield, Connecticut:
Length: 400ft Width: 170ft
Area 68,000 sqft
Typical Rooms in a Mosque:
For this Mosque to be complete, there needs to be a prayer hall, an ablutions area for both men and women, and a Minaret. The Mosque that has been designed will also have a community room and bathrooms for Both men and women.
Prayer Hall: This room will be used to the worshippers. There will be prayer rugs covering the floor, and each person will have a 2ftx4ft rectangle to pray in. This room is called a Musallah in traditional Mosques. The prayer hall for this mosque will be 161ft x 168ft, 27,200 sqft, and be able to hold up to 3,300 people MAX.
In order for the Prayer Hall to be Complete, it needs to have a Qibla wall which contains the Mihrab inside of it. The mihrab is is a niche wall in the qibla wall that points to the direction of Mecca.
There also needs to be a minbar in the prayer hall. A minbar is a short flight of stairs to a raised platform which is used for the Imam, who is the preacher in the Mosque.
Minaret: A Minaret is a tall slim cylindrical tower that is used to call the prayers. For this Mosque, the prayers will not be called from the Minaret to respect other members of the community.
Ablutions Area for both Men and Women: The ablutions area is used for ablutions which is a part of the preparation for the prayer. There will be a separate space for both men and women. Each space for both men and women will be 39ft x 75ft, and 5,950sqft.
Bathrooms for both Men and Women: There will be bathrooms in this mosque for the people that use the mosque. Bathrooms are an important feature of any building. There will be a separate space for both men and women. Each space for both men and women will be 39ft x 75ft, and 5,950sqft.
Entrance Hall: The entrance hall to the Mosque will have the traditional large doors that most mosques have. There will also be a shelves for shoes and coat racks. The entrance hall will be 20ft x 85ft, and 1700 sqft.
Community Room: The community room will be an all purpose room designed to fit people for lunches and dinners, as well as a teaching space for classes.
These different ideas, colors, and other mosques were used as inspiration to design the projected Mosque. I researched from my own experience and from looking at the internet to get a sense of typical traditional Islamic Mosques so that my building could inspire worshippers to visit and attend.
From my initial statues above, I developed a digital 3D model for clearer understanding of the Models.
The community room will be the leftmost room. The prayer hall is the room in the middle. The 4 rooms on the right are separated to the ablutions area on the top and the bathrooms on the bottom.
Although looking slightly more 21st century, my Mosque has all the traditional elements to meet the needs of the worshippers and to provide a place for reflection and spirituality including the Minaret, Dome, Prayer Hall, and Ablutions Area.