Our Planet Needs Your Help.


The benefits of the three R’s (reduce, reuse, and recycle) are slipping out of regular use in American society. Reducing is the key step to creating less waste, and would therefore affect less wildlife, create fewer toxic chemical emissions, decrease pollution, etc. Reusing is becoming increasingly invisible with one use items being sold and marketed as quick and easy. Recycling is important because it takes materials that would otherwise become municipal solid waste (MSW) and converts them into raw material to make new objects. These three Rs are key in taking products out of the waste stream and putting them towards something more effective. The problem we are facing is the inadequacy of waste treatment management and how it is society’s role to use the three Rs affectively to help out our planet.



(all information from “Environmental Science for AP, Second Edition” by Andrew Friedland and Rick Relyea”- this is my textbook I’m using this year)

1. source reduction: “an approach to waste management that seeks to cut waste by reducing the use of potential waste materials in the early stages of design and manufacture”

2. source reduction can be in terms of the individual or in terms of corporation wide levels- printing double sided, using digital copies instead of printing; cd’s being packaged in less plastic now than when they were first becoming common

3. the main benefit of reduction is that ideally no additional energy or resources are needed for this step, but sometimes it is required if you were to reuse a styrofoam cup, for example, you should clean it first

4. the US is often referred to as a “throw-away society,” a term meaning what the phrase suggests- a society where throwing away things without thought of what it will do to the environment is universally accepted

5. closed loop recycling- making a product into the same product

6. open loop recycling- making a product into a different product

7. the US recycles about 1/3 of MSW, compared to Japan with over 50%

8. it is important to first reduce and reuse because recycling requires time, processing, transporting, cleaning, etc

9. composting- creating organic matter through decomposing organic waste under controlled conditions

10. companies often resort to incineration tactics to get rid of trash, which extracts energy, reduces MSW volume, prolongs landfill life, and generates electricity.. however, it also increases air pollution drastically



the negative effects of current waste removal, what really happens to your waste when you blindly throw it away, different methods of waste removal and each of their effects on the environment (landfills versus incinerations versus dumps etc)

There is a lot to talk about in this vague topic, so I really want to stress the importance of the three Rs. I think this will reap the most positive and user friendly outcome.***



Instead of focusing on the three Rs, I could instead inform the audience about where trash goes (as I mentioned in the user needs section)



I plan on creating an infographic in a circular or flow chart shape that shows the cycle of waste removal and its effects. I want to use rich greens and navy and burnt orange colors in relation to this environmental topic. I think modern, sans serif fonts would correspond well to the clean, energy efficient, socially aware topic that this is- I don’t want it to look outdated.


1. The importance of the local issue is defined within the presentation. 

It’s critical that you help the audience understand why you think this is an important issue.

I am sharing multiple references to how the three r’s are necessary in combatting environmental pollution.

2. A clear strategy for catalyzing change is identifiable.

Within your presentation be sure to clearly identify how you create change to address the issue.

I am addressing the issue through this infographic by explaining the three R’s in detail and how they help. I am also including why it is important we, as a community, follow them.

3. Presentations demonstrate an anticipation that visitors may have limited background knowledge on their topic. 

Your audience for these presentations will be diverse and most people will not have expert-level knowledge of your issue.  Be sure to take this into account when designing your content.

My research will be presented in a manner that educates everyone. It will be accurate and ultimately unbiased, allowing the audience to understand the problem of pollution and act as they wish after having been informed.

I am leaning towards my last design for the final sketch. I like the idea of dialogue and mixing a modern sans serif font with cursive. I think that slightly muted colors with whites and blacks will add to the modern feel I am going for. I might add in a picture or two of mine of nature, or the recycling arrows.

I made a dramatic change in my design in comparison to the previous graphic I submitted. As suggested, I included facts and more text to create a more informative design. Though I liked the concept of the items inside of a recycling bin, I had to change that idea around in order to create a more informative and put together look. Overall, I am proud of this design and put a lot of effort into making it concise and factual. Although I made a lot of changes within one step, I thinkt hey were effective and successful.

How often do you recycle?

I always recycle plastic, but not other materials.
I try to, but not when I find it inconvenient.
Every time I can!
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  1. April 30, 2018 by lkruse18

    This is a great project! I agree, we are letting our environment slip between our finger tips and I think you infographic is a step in the right direction! Besides the three RRR’s, what other easy, eco-friendly ways will you advocate for?

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